Facts About Warren
Called by one early author “the greenest place in New Jersey,” Warren Township stretches from the crest of the First Watchung Mountain across Washington Valley to the Second Mountain and beyond, ending at the Dead and Passaic Rivers. Now encompassing an area of 19.3 square miles, Warren was half again as large before 1872, the year the communities now known as North Plainfield, Green Brook and Watchung were carved from its land mass.The Watchung Mountains, whose natural beauty characterizes the township, came into being 125 million years ago when volcanic eruptions to the west covered the area with two thick lava flows that later were tilted upwards 20 degrees. Then, gradually, imperceptibly, during the millions of years that followed this massive shifting of the earth, water eroded away the land, exposing the jutting edges of the buried lava.
These exposed basaltic edges, now much weathered, are the First and Second Mountains; between them lies a broad, fertile valley through which flows the Middle Brook. The Lenape Indians roamed these parts for thousands of years before the Europeans came, but they left little history; a few arrowheads and grinding stones have been found along the Passaic River; Dock Watch Hollow is the only locale that bears an Indian name. English and Scots-Irish from Turkey (now New Providence) and Scotch Plains first settled the township in the 1720s. Farmers from New Providence Followed the Passaic River into what is now Union Village and Smalleytown. To the south, pioneers from the lowlands moved through Lincoln Gap (Somerset Street, Watchung) and into Washington Valley. Philip Cox may have arrived here as early as 1727, the year he bought 200 acres “betwixt the first and second mountain called the Blue Hills.” Until 1743, when the Borders of Somerset County shifted northward, Warren was part of Elizabeth Borough in Essex County.
As of the 2010 United States Census, in Warren, there were 15,311 people, 5,059 households, and 4,284.973 families residing in the township. The population density was 782.5 per square mile (302.1/km2). There were 5,258 housing units at an average density of 268.7 per square mile (103.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.94% (12,392) White, 1.52% (233) Black or African American, 0.05% (7) Native American, 15.07% (2,307) Asian, 0.10% (15) Pacific Islander, 0.64% (98) from other races, and 1.69% (259) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.36% (820) of the population. In Warren, there were 5,059 households out of which 42.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.8% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.3% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.30. In the township, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 18.5% from 25 to 44, 34.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.1 males. The Census Bureau’s 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income in Warren was $135,143 (with a margin of error of +/- $23,156) and the median family income was $162,083 (+/- $17,221). Males had a median income of $115,875 (+/- $15,861) versus $68,450 (+/- $13,300) for females. The per capita income for the township of Warren was $71,469 (+/- $6,664). About 0.8% of families and 0.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.
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